Introduction to MQTT

This tutorial will teach you about the MQTT messaging protocol, including why you should use it and how it is implemented. In a word, MQTT uses your existing Internet home network to transmit and receive messages from your Azure IoT hub devices.

What is MQTT?

MQTT is a primary communications protocol designed for devices with little bandwidth. As a result, it’s the ideal method for exchanging data between various IoT devices.

MQTT communication is a publish/subscribe system. Devices publish messages on a given topic. The message is delivered to all devices that have subscribed to that topic.

Its primary applications include:

  • Sending messages to control outputs.
  • Reading and publishing data from sensor nodes.
  • Various other tasks.

How does MQTT work?

As previously stated, the MQTT protocol employs a publish and subscribe strategy. The publish and subscribe model can transmit messages between the client and server. It allows IoT devices to communicate with one another regardless of their geographical location. Even when networks are unreliable or unresponsive, the MQTT protocol ensures that messages are delivered. It employs an acknowledgment system that informs both parties whether or not data was received correctly.

MQTT Basic Concepts

There are a few fundamental ideas in MQTT that you must understand:

MQTT- Publish/Subscribe

The publish and subscribe system is the original notion. A device in a publish and subscribe system can either publish a message on a topic or subscribe to a certain topic to receive messages.

  • For example, Device 1 publishes a particular topic.
  • Device 2 has subscribed to the same topic in which device one is publishing.
  • As a result, device 2 receives the message.

MQTT- Messages

Messages are the pieces of information that you want to send between your devices. It could be communication, such as a command, or data, such as sensor readings.


Topics are another crucial idea. Topics are how you express your interest in receiving messages or where you want the message disseminated. Each forward slash represents a topic level.

MQTT – Broker

Finally, the broker is a crucial idea. The MQTT broker receives all messages, screens them, determines who is interested in them, and then broadcasts them to all subscribers.

You have various brokers to choose from. We use the Mosquitto Broker, installed on a Raspberry Pi, in home automation applications.

Why is MQTT important for IoT?

MQTT has emerged as one of the most important protocols for Azure IoT hub solutions in recent years. It is attributable to several causes. To begin with, it is one of the smallest protocols now in use in IoT. It’s an open standard that works with any hardware or software. Client libraries for all programming languages are available, making it simple to construct MQTT-enabled IoT applications.

MQTT’s flexibility allows it to accommodate many use cases and Azure IoT hub project architectures thanks to the publish and subscribe methodology. It is worth noting that the system’s publishers and subscribers do not even need to be aware of each other’s existence because the broker manages all connections.

The protocol enables highly scalable applications, potentially connecting millions of Azure IoT hub devices in a system. MQTT’s bidirectional communication allows for message broadcasting to vast groups of devices. Finally, MQTT provides multiple authentication and data security techniques, including TLS encryption.

The akenza IoT platform allows the connecting of IP-enabled devices via MQTT (along with HTTP, CoAP, and LoRaWAN) and serves as the system’s MQTT broker (via Eclipse Mosquitto).


In today’s highly volatile technology environment, solutions that enable an agile approach to development and innovation are required.

The specialists at Akenza believe that we can lead the Internet of Things movement toward broad market application by significantly lowering the work and complexity businesses face when developing IoT solutions.

The possibilities for connecting the world around us are limitless. It is a matter of awareness, expense, and complexity.

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